In Cape Town, South Africa, the just-concluded African Strategic Development Forum, South Africa introduced a large African cross-border railway construction plan, which is only Africa off the railway construction boom, a microcosm of the speed of traffic integration in Africa, African countries have introduced railway infrastructure planning, and promote the African country's internal economic and trade exchanges and promote the economic development of the African continent.
According to information released by the Forum on the 12th, the African cross-border railway construction plan is the first step is the construction of a connection to South Africa, Swaziland and Mozambique railway, the second step is to regain the long stop using the railway linking South Africa and the Congo (DRC). In addition, the South African Railway Bureau is in consultation with the countries concerned to build a railway known as Africa's North-South Economic Corridor ", Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe through traffic arteries linking, and then by the German, South Africa classes in Hong Kong from the sea to communicate with the world.
The launch of the African transnational railway construction projects in South Africa just Africa recently launched a microcosm of railway construction, the African continent traffic integration is speed. The southern African countries are investing hundreds of billions of dollars of new construction and renovation of the railway, hope to promote the import and export of the region and creating a common market. The 15 countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) is planning a regional transportation blueprint, under the leadership of the Chinese company to complete the Southern African transport integration. The most eye-catching project is the construction of railway card La Hali desert by Botswana, Namibia and South Africa. South Africa has plans to invest $ 17 billion to opening a path to Sue Queensland freight rail. Botswana also expect to build railway to connect the ports of Mozambique after Zimbabwe.
The East African region is planning to build a connection to Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, and extends to Rwanda, Burundi, and ultimately to the South Sudan and Ethiopia, and even other parts of the railway, managed by the East African Community Minister of Infrastructure and implementation. Last year, the East African Community held a special rail strategic planning meeting, proposed future investment of $ 900 billion to build rail infrastructure of the East African region. According to the East African newspaper recently reported, Tanzania and Zambia are discussing the re-investment in the renovation of the China-aided Tanzania-Zambia Railway. In addition, Tanzania, Uganda, Burundi and Rwanda have signed an agreement to build a cost of $ 4.7 billion a duration of three years of the railway network, this railway will be the construction cost of $ 3 billion with China is expected to be completed in 2015 Tanga Tanzania and Uganda - Arusha - Mu lock horse - Kampala railway parallel. According to Kenya's Business Daily "reported on March 1, Kenya and Ethiopia signed an agreement to jointly invest 230 million construction of Lamu Port - South Sudan - Ethiopia transport corridor.
West African region is planning to build a railway to connect Senegal, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Benin and Togo, Ghana and Nigeria are prepared using standard track, the two countries are considering whether to join the railway planning. According to the Bloomberg News website recently reported that the global iron ore giants Rio Tinto and ArcelorMittal plans to invest $ 25 billion to build more than 5000 kilometers of railway to connect 11 new port in West Africa. The four leaders of Benin, Niger, Nigeria and Burkina Faso at the end of last year held a railway planning meetings, research planning and construction of Shikoku Railway. Senegal and Mali, a 10-year investment plan announced last year plans to invest 1.77 billion CFA francs ($ 1 equals 496 CFA francs) to repair up to 1223 km railway between the two countries. Namibia is being built to connect the railway in Angola. Angola and Mozambique is being repaired rail damage 10 years of civil war. Africa Review recently reported that the Central African region is planning to invest $ 30 billion to build a railway network linking Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic, Congo (DRC), Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria and Angola, the estimated duration of 8 years.
The export of minerals and raw materials continue to expand the main factors to promote the speed of railway construction in Africa, cheap efficiency of rail freight, the South African Public Enterprises Minister Jijia Ba said. South Africa railway infrastructure is more developed, but the rest of Africa railway network are basically the colonial era, the railway design from the mineral-rich region extending to the coast, between each line split, disconnected, the layout is very unreasonable. This has far can not meet the status of economic development in Africa over the past few years by the global rise in commodity prices and the mineral sector expansion that gave birth to the revival of the railway sector in Africa, South Africa's Public Enterprise Advisory Gilson said.
The construction of a railway for traffic integration in Africa has a huge economic and social interests, not only to promote regional economic integration, as well as conducive to regional mobility, political, social and cultural exchanges and communication, Gilson said. African planning and construction of the railway network to change the imprint of the colonial era, not only self-contained, and the interconnection of the various regions, a strong impetus to the African continent transport integration. Southern African Railway Association said main and railway have made great contributions to the regional economy, such as landlocked countries of Malawi, the cost of goods, transport costs account for 55%, to build regional rail integrated network will greatly reduce the prices of goods and raw materials. WTO Director-General Pascal Lamy also believes that the construction of infrastructure can not only help the African people out of poverty for the benefit of future generations, but can also enhance the cohesion of the challenges of the current global financial crisis and work together to build the future of Africa.